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Breed > Labrador


Labrador “Friendly, Active, Outgoing”

The Labrador retriever, also known as the Lab traces its roots to Newfoundland, Canada. The breed was originally used to help fishermen haul full nets to shore, and the Lab later found its place as a gun dog, excelling at retrieving waterfowl and upland game. Labs have soft mouths, useful for retrieving game; webbed feet for swimming, and thick double coats that protect them from cold water temperatures. Labrador owners should be aware that this breed has high levels of energy. They require plenty of daily exercise and play to stave off boredom and prevent potentially destructive chewing behavior from developing.

  • Height: 22.5-24.5 inches (male), 21.5-23.5 inches (female)
  • Weight: 25 – 45 kg
  • Life Expectancy: 10-12 years
  • Group: Sporting Group


A native of Canada, the Labrador retriever is thought to be descended from the Saint Jones Dog that inhabited the island of Newfoundland in the 18th century. The breed was definitively set in the early 20th century in England, where it was imported after being crossed with the English Pointer, in particular. The most popular retriever owes his success to his exceptionally even tempered personality, which explains why he is first and foremost, a companion animal.


The Labrador retriever should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level.

The Lab has a thick, water-repellent double coat that sheds. Give occasional baths to keep them clean. As with all breeds, the Lab’s nails should be trimmed regularly and his teeth brushed frequently.

A Lab who doesn’t get enough exercise is likely to engage in hyperactive and/or destructive behavior to release pent-up energy. The breed’s favorite activities are retrieving and swimming.


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